United States Postmaster General

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Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox official post The postmaster general of the United States is the chief executive officer of the United States Postal Service. Megan Brennan is the current postmaster general, having delayed her original January 31, 2020 retirement.[1]

Appointed members of the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service select the postmaster general and deputy postmaster general, who then join the board.

History

The office, in one form or another, is older than both the United States Constitution and the United States Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the Continental Congress as the first postmaster general in 1775[2] serving just over 15 months. Franklin had previously served as deputy postmaster for the British colonies of North America since 1753.

Until 1971, the postmaster general was the head of the Post Office Department (or simply "Post Office" until the 1820s).[3] During that era, the postmaster general was appointed by the president of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate.[4] From 1829 to 1971, the postmaster general was a member of the president's Cabinet.

The Cabinet post of postmaster general was often givenTemplate:When to a new president's campaign manager or other key political supporter, and was considered something of a sinecure. The postmaster general was in charge of the governing party's patronage and was a powerful position which held much influence within the party.

In 1971, the Post Office Department was re-organized into the United States Postal Service, an independent agency of the executive branch. Therefore, the postmaster general is no longer a member of the Cabinet[5] and is no longer in the line of presidential succession. The postmaster general is now appointed by nine "governors", appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. The governors, along with the postmaster general and the deputy postmaster general, constitute the full Postal Service Board of Governors.[4][6]

The postmaster general is the second-highest paid U.S. government official, based on publicly available salary information, after the president of the United States.[7]

Postmasters general under the Continental Congress

Name Date appointed
Benjamin Franklin July 26, 1775
Richard Bache November 7, 1776
Ebenezer Hazard January 28, 1782
Samuel Osgood (1747–1813)

Postmasters general over the U.S. Post Office Department, 1789–1971

As non-Cabinet department, 1789–1829

Name State of residence Date appointed President(s) served under
Samuel Osgood Federalist Massachusetts September 26, 1789 Washington
Timothy Pickering Federalist Pennsylvania[8] August 12, 1791 Washington
Joseph Habersham Independent Georgia February 25, 1795 Washington, Adams, Jefferson
Gideon Granger Democratic-Republican Party Connecticut November 28, 1801 Jefferson, Madison
Return J. Meigs, Jr. Democratic-Republican Party Ohio March 17, 1814 Madison, Monroe
John McLean Democratic-Republican Party Ohio June 26, 1823 Monroe, J. Q. Adams

As cabinet department, 1829–1971

Parties

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Political Party Name State of residence Date appointed President(s) served under
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |10 William T. Barry Kentucky March 9, 1829 Jackson
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |11 Amos Kendall Kentucky May 1, 1835 Jackson, Van Buren
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |12 John M. Niles Connecticut May 19, 1840 Van Buren
style="background: Template:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" |13 Francis Granger New York March 6, 1841 W. H. Harrison, Tyler
style="background: Template:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" |14 Charles A. Wickliffe Kentucky September 13, 1841 Tyler
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |15 Cave Johnson Tennessee March 6, 1845 Polk
style="background: Template:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" |16 Jacob Collamer Vermont March 8, 1849 Taylor
style="background: Template:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" |17 Nathan K. Hall New York July 23, 1850 Fillmore
style="background: Template:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" |18 Samuel Dickinson Hubbard Connecticut August 31, 1852 Fillmore
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |19 James Campbell Pennsylvania March 7, 1853 Pierce
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |20 Aaron V. Brown Tennessee March 6, 1857 Buchanan
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |21 Joseph Holt Kentucky March 14, 1859 Buchanan
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |22 Horatio King Maine February 12, 1861 Buchanan
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |23 Montgomery Blair District of Columbia March 5, 1861 Lincoln
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |24 William Dennison Ohio September 24, 1864 Lincoln, A. Johnson
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |25 Alexander W. Randall Wisconsin July 25, 1866 A. Johnson
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |26 John A. J. Creswell Maryland March 5, 1869 Grant
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |27 James W. Marshall Virginia July 3, 1874 Grant
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |28 Marshall Jewell Connecticut August 24, 1874 Grant
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |29 James N. Tyner Indiana July 12, 1876 Grant
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |30 David M. Key Tennessee March 12, 1877 Hayes
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |31 Horace Maynard Tennessee June 2, 1880 Hayes
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |32 Thomas L. James New York March 5, 1881 Garfield, Arthur
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |33 Timothy O. Howe Wisconsin December 20, 1881 Arthur
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |34 Walter Q. Gresham Indiana April 3, 1883 Arthur
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |35 Frank Hatton Iowa October 14, 1884 Arthur
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |36 William F. Vilas Wisconsin March 6, 1885 Cleveland
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |37 Donald M. Dickinson Michigan January 6, 1888 Cleveland
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |38 John Wanamaker Pennsylvania March 5, 1889 B. Harrison
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |39 Wilson S. Bissell New York March 6, 1893 Cleveland
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |40 William L. Wilson West Virginia March 1, 1895 Cleveland
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |41 James A. Gary Maryland March 5, 1897 McKinley
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |42 Charles Emory Smith Pennsylvania April 21, 1898 McKinley, T. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |43 Henry C. Payne Wisconsin January 9, 1902 T. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |44 Robert J. Wynne Pennsylvania October 10, 1904 T. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |45 George B. Cortelyou New York March 6, 1905 T. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |46 George von L. Meyer Massachusetts January 15, 1907 T. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |47 Frank H. Hitchcock Massachusetts March 5, 1909 Taft
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |48 Albert S. Burleson Texas March 5, 1913 Wilson
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |49 Will H. Hays Indiana March 5, 1921 Harding
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |50 Hubert Work Colorado March 4, 1922 Harding
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |51 Harry S. New Indiana February 27, 1923 Harding, Coolidge
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |52 Walter F. Brown Ohio March 5, 1929 Hoover
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |53 James A. Farley New York March 4, 1933 F. Roosevelt
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |54 Frank C. Walker Pennsylvania September 10, 1940 F. Roosevelt, Truman
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |55 Robert E. Hannegan Missouri May 8, 1945 Truman
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |56 Jesse M. Donaldson Missouri December 16, 1947 Truman
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |57 Arthur E. Summerfield Michigan January 21, 1953 Eisenhower
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |58 J. Edward Day California January 21, 1961 Kennedy
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |59 John A. Gronouski Wisconsin September 30, 1963 Kennedy, L. Johnson
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |60 Lawrence F. O'Brien Massachusetts November 3, 1965 L. Johnson
style="background: Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color;" |61 W. Marvin Watson Texas April 26, 1968 L. Johnson
style="background: Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color;" |62 Winton M. Blount Alabama January 22, 1969 Nixon

Postmasters general over the U.S. Postal Service, 1971–present

Name Date appointed[9] President(s) served under
Winton M. Blount July 1, 1971 Nixon
E. T. Klassen January 1, 1972 Nixon, Ford
Benjamin F. Bailar February 16, 1975 Ford, Carter
William F. Bolger March 15, 1978 Carter, Reagan
Paul N. Carlin January 1, 1985 Reagan
Albert Vincent Casey January 7, 1986
Preston Robert Tisch August 16, 1986
Anthony M. Frank March 1, 1988 Reagan, H.W. Bush
Marvin Travis Runyon July 6, 1992 H.W. Bush, Clinton
William J. Henderson May 16, 1998 Clinton, Bush
John E. Potter June 1, 2001 Bush, Obama
Patrick R. Donahoe January 14, 2011 Obama
Megan Brennan February 1, 2015 Obama, Trump

Note that, while the above table indicates the president under which each postmaster general served, these postmasters general were appointed by the governors of the Postal Service and not by the president.

Living former postmasters general

Template:As of, there are four living former postmasters general, the oldest being Anthony M. Frank (1988–1992, born 1931). The most recent postmaster general to die was Paul N. Carlin (1985-86), on April 25, 2018.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Anthony M. Frank 1988–1992 Template:Birth date and age
William J. Henderson 1998–2001 Template:Birth date and age
John E. Potter 2001–2010 Template:Birth year and age
Patrick R. Donahoe 2011–2015 c. Template:Birth year and age

See also

Notes

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:United States Postal Service Template:USPostGen Template:US Cabinet leaders Template:Benjamin Franklin

Template:USAConfGov

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  3. Publication 100 – The United States Postal Service: An American History 1775–2006. United States Postal Service, May 2007. Also available in PDF format.
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  9. Since July 1, 1971, the Postmaster General has been appointed by and serves under the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service.