Ali ibn al-Athir

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Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (Template:Lang-ar) (1233–1160) was an Arab<ref>a. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2014. Ibn al-Athīr
b. Historiography of the Ayyubid and Mamluk epochs, Donald P. Little, The Cambridge History of Egypt, Vol.1, ed. M. W. Daly, Carl F. Petry, (Cambridge University Press, 1998), 415.
c. Ibn al-Athir, The A to Z of Islam, ed. Ludwig W. Adamec, (Scarecrow Press, 2009), 135.
d. Peter Partner, God of Battles: Holy wars of Christianity and Islam, (Princeton University Press, 1997), 96.
e. Venice and the Turks, Jean-Claude Hocquet, Venice and the Islamic world: 828–1797, edited by Stefano Carboni, (Editions Gallimard, 2006), 35 n17.
f. Marc Ferro, Colonization: A Global History, (Routledge, 1997), 6. Template:Subscription required
g. Martin Sicker, The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna, (Praeger Publishers, 2000), 69.Template:Subscription required</ref> or Kurdish<ref>1. Philip G. Kreyenbroek , Oral Literature of Iranian Languages al-Athir..a historian and biographer of Kurdish origin
2. Yasir Suleiman, "Language and identity in the Middle East and North Africa", Curzon Press, 1996, Template:ISBN, p. 154. Ibn al-Athir, (d.1233), a Kurdish historian and biographer...</ref> historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family. At the age of twenty-one he settled with his father in Mosul to continue his studies, where he devoted himself to the study of history and Islamic tradition. According to the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, he was born in Jazirat Ibn Umar, Abbasid Caliphate. The city is situated in modern-day Turkey.<ref>Template:Cite EB1911</ref>


Ibn al-Athir belonged to the Shayban lineage<ref>Kamaruzaman, A.F., Jamaludin, N., Fadzil, A.F.M., 2015. [Ibn Al-Athir’s Philosophy of History in Al-Kamil Fi Al-Tarikh's_Philosophy_of_History_in_Al-Kamil_Fi_Al-Tarikh]. Asian Social Science 11(23).</ref> of the large and influential Arab tribe Banu Bakr<ref>Kazhdan, Alexander P. 1991. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Ibn al-athir.</ref><ref>Donner, Fred McGraw. “The Bakr B. Wā'il Tribes and Politics in Northeastern Arabia on the Eve of Islam.” Studia Islamica, no. 51, 1980, pp. 5–38. JSTOR,</ref>, who lived across upper Mesopotamia, and gave their name to the city of Diyar Bakr.<ref>Trudy Ring, Noelle Watson, Paul Schellinger. 1995. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Vol. 3 Southern Europe. Routledge. P 190.</ref><ref>Canard, M., Cahen, Cl., Yinanç, Mükrimin H., and Sourdel-Thomine, J. ‘Diyār Bakr’. Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Ed. P. Bearman et al. Brill Reference Online. Web. 16 Nov. 2019. Accessed on 16 November 2019.</ref><ref>World Heritage Encyclopedia. [ Bakr bin Wael]. Accessed on 16 November 2019.</ref>

He was the brother of Majd ad-Dīn and Diyā' ad-Dīn Ibn Athir. Al-Athir lived a scholarly life in Mosul, often visited Baghdad and for a time traveled with Saladin's army in Syria. He later lived in Aleppo and Damascus. His chief work was a history of the world, al-Kamil fi at-Tarikh (The Complete History). He died in the city of Mosul.

Modern age

According to Reuters, his tomb was desecrated in Mosul by members of the al-Qaeda offshoot the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in June 2014.<ref>Isra' al-Rubei'i. "Iraqi forces ready push after Obama offers advisers." Reuters, June 20, 2014.[1]</ref> However, the actual tomb had been moved to a museum while the destroyed one was just a modern replica.Template:Cn


  • Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh (الكامل في التاريخ): "The Complete History"; 11 volumes<ref>Al-Kāmil fī al-Tārīkh (Arabic)</ref>
  • Al-Tārīkh al-bāhir fī al-Dawlah al-Atābakīyah bi-al-Mawṣil
  • Usd al-ghābah fi ma‘rifat al-ṣaḥābah: "The Lions of the Forest and the knowledge about the Companions"
  • Al-Lubāb fī tahdhīb al-ansāb

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